The mob of men was bleeding. Because of the tattered soldier's question he now felt that his shame could be viewed.
Donald Vanouse Classroom Issues and Strategies Stephen Crane's works present sudden shifts in tone and point of view, and frequently the works end without establishing either certainty about characters or resolution of thematic issues.
Crane's imagery is vivid, but the works seldom provide final interpretations e. These qualities contribute to Crane's multi-layered irony.
The instructor should attempt to shift the focus from resolving issues of plot or character e.
Crane asks questions rather than providing answers. Consider using the poems to introduce some of his major themes. Crane seems to have valued them quite highly as expressions of his sense of the world.
Major Themes, Historical Perspectives, and Personal Issues Crane writes about extreme experiences that are confronted by ordinary people. His characters are not larger-than-life, but they touch the mysterious edges of their capacities for perception, action, and understanding.
In his themes and styles, Crane is an avant-garde writer. In both, individuals are shown to struggle for communication while being buffeted by tumultuous forces.
Significant Form, Style, or Artistic Conventions Crane's works reflect many of the major artistic concerns at the end of the nineteenth century, especially naturalism, impressionism, and symbolism.
His works insist that we live in a universe of vast and indifferent natural forces, not in a world of divine providence or a certain moral order.
But Crane's vivid and explosive prose styles distinguish his works from those by many other writers who are labeled naturalists. Many readers including Hamlin Garland and Joseph Conrad, who were personal friends of Crane have used the term impressionist to describe Crane's vivid renderings of moments of visual beauty and uncertainty.
Even Crane's "discontinuous" rendering of action has been identified as impressionist.
In "The Open Boat," Crane has been seen as a symbolist. Perhaps it is most appropriate to see the story as a skeptical balancing of concern with vast archetypes with an equal concern with psychology of perception: Original Audience Crane had a popular audience as well as a cultivated, literary audience during his lifetime.
Crane was a "star" journalist, and he published many of his best fictional works in the popular press. Nonetheless his comment that a newspaper is a "collection of half-injustices" indicates his skepticism about that medium of communication.
Crane's brief free-verse poems invite comparison with those of Emily Dickinson Howells read them to himand with a number of twentieth-century poets, particularly those influenced by imagism Carl Sandburg, Amy LowellEzra PoundWilliam Carlos Williamsfor example.
In brevity and in the authors' desire to escape conventional poetic rhetoric, these poems are comparable to Crane's. There are, of course, some vast differences in subject. Why does Crane use the term "Mystery" in the title of his war story? What is the mystery? Or do you find more than one?
In "The Bride," Crane seems interested in the role of women. Does the story show a shift of power from male violence? In "The Open Boat," Crane seems very interested in what the correspondent learns.
What does he learn about nature?
Or about seeing nature? Or his relationship to other human beings? How useful is "A Man Said to the Universe" in understanding the correspondent's experience? What do these poems say about Crane's ambition or purpose as a poet?
Crane's vivid prose makes him particularly valuable in developing student skills in discussing literary style. Also, his spare and startling structures especially "endings" provide useful occasions for assignments on literary structure.
Crane's relationship to naturalism provokes questions about individual freedom and responsibility.Stephen was the youngest sibling of fourteen children (“Stephen Crane Biography”).
His writing inspiration came from his family. His mother dedicated her life to social concerns, while his father was a Methodist minister. One of America's most influential realist writers, Stephen Crane, born in New Jersey on November 1, , produced works that have been credited with establishing the foundations of modern American benjaminpohle.com: Nov 01, Stephen Crane () was born in in Newark, New Jersey.
He was educated at Lafayette College and Syracuse University. In , he got a job as a freelance reporter, writing articles about the slums of New York.
Without steady work as a reporter, Crane, himself, was a poor man and lived in The Bowery, New York's worst slum. in French naturalistic works; but Stephen Crane and Frank Norris were attentive to such matters. In short novels, Maggie: A Girl of the Streets () and The Red Badge of Courage (), and in some of his short stories, Crane was an impressionist who made his details and his setting.
Stephen Crane attended both Lafayette College and Syracuse University, but he never actually earned a degree in his short life. He started off as a journalist and freelance writer but soon turned to writing his own novels. Stephen Crane was born on November 1, , in Newark, New Jersey, to Jonathan Townley Crane, a minister in the Methodist Episcopal church, and Mary Helen Peck Crane, daughter of a clergyman, George Peck.