The woman told police that she had honked at another vehicle that had been blocking her path — and that the vehicle followed her onto the highway. Both he and the alleged gunman have been charged. Email address The Canon Sent every Saturday.
Import into RefWorks 1. Introduction With the advent of the interstate highway system, in combination with the construction of many thousands of smaller roads that allows people to reach nearly any destination in relatively short periods of time compared to their late 19th and early 20th century counterpartssociety has begun mass-migrating yet again; not nearly to the extent that it did so many thousands of years ago to populate the world in which we live today, but still on a considerable scale that is rapidly changing the landscape of the world as we know it.
Whereas a large percentages of the American population once resided very close to major metropolitan areas, allowing walking to represent a very common and practical mode of transportation, large swaths of formerly urban populations are now moving further away from cities into rapidly expanding suburban areas, in a process called urban sprawl, where driving to virtually any destination is a necessity [ 1234 ].
Traffic congestion occurs because the available capacity cannot serve the desired demand on a portion of the roadway at a particular time [ 5678 ], leading to traffic problems that are no longer minor, occasional in conveniences, but rather inevitabilities, and along with these issues, health problems related to them have arisen.
Recent research on the transportation system and the ways in which people interact with it has shown, increasingly, that human health is linked quite significantly to it.
Scholars and practitioners from two very different worlds-the world of public health and the world of transportation engineering-have recognized that various connections between human health and transportation do exist, and more importantly, have taken note of the criticality of understanding the importance of these connections.
Using this ever-growing body of knowledge, these two groups have made strides toward improving the general ease of inevitable interactions between the two. Despite this growing recognition of and response to this need, however, research has, thus far, been focused heavily and almost exclusively on the physical aspects of human health due to use of and interaction with the built transportation environment.
While this focus on physical health is, without question, vital, considering the increasing physical health issues that are essentially plaguing the United States, there is a second aspect of human health that is just as critically important, but that has thus far been largely ignored in existing research, i.
While the tendency toward a stronger focus on the study of physical health in the transportation environment, in lieu of mental health, is in some ways understandable, primarily because physical health concerns related to transportation are almost universally more readily apparent than their typically less tangible mental health counterparts, mental health issues can be just as problematic, and in some cases significantly more so.
The bias toward physical health, and thereby relative marginalization of the importance and mental health research, is perhaps a major contributor to many of the issues that drivers experience on the road every day. One mental health issue that is of particular cause for concern is road rage, largely because it is viewed as a typical human response to various traffic problems, frequently overlooked as being less dangerous than it actually is, and allowed to continue as a result, despite evidence indicating that it truly is worthy of concern [ 11 ].
Sinceroad rage has been officially classified as a medical condition of the mental health variety, called intermittent explosive disorder the same disorder associated with continuous and violent domestic abuse [ 12 ]. The purpose of this research is to determine the typical potential for driving anger that drivers experience due to various common driving problems from minimal to extreme angerto gauge the prevalence of road rage behaviors that result from this driving anger, and to determine how these kinds of responses feed negatively back into the transportation system.
This paper is organized as follows. Section 2 will provide a review of the existing body of knowledge on the road rage and its status as a mental disorder. Section 3 will describe the setup for the data collection method.
Section 4 will detail a comprehensive analysis of the results. Section 5 will provide a summary of the research as a whole, and draw some final conclusions regarding the data. Recommendations will be made for possible future studies. Literature Review The concept of annoyed, angry, aggressive travelers is something that has, in all likelihood, existed for as long as road travel alongside other travelers has been a part of life, even prior to the introduction of motor vehicles as a societal norm.
This problem has, of course, been severely exacerbated through the decades as more and more people have taken ownership of vehicles and the once-dirt roads and meadows of days gone by have evolved into the complex transportation system upon which we rely today [ 1314 ].
With the growing transportation system, increasing congestion that is unlikely to disappear in the foreseeable future has become commonplace and, along with it, more drivers have become increasingly more frustrated with their daily commutes [ 15 ].
This has led to a greater amount of driver stress, annoyance, and anger, and road rage has, as a result, become a gradually more frequent occurrence on the road, creating an environment that is arguably more dangerous to drivers than ever before.
At this time, shooting sprees and violent physical assaults became fairly regular occurrences, as more and more drivers were responding dangerously to their escalating frustration with Los Angeles traffic congestion [ 16 ].
Road rage appears to be a mostly cyclical occurrence wherein negative events within the transportation system cause road rage, and this road rage leads to further negative events within the transportation system. Most recently, as effort has been put forward to better understand road rage albeit very littlea few strides have been made to help the public better understand the seriousness of the issue.
Inroad rage was officially classified as a psychological disorder, under a new, more scientific term: It is an impulse control disorder belonging to the same family as such disorders as kleptomania and pyromania [ 17 ].
This perception is of particular concern considering numerous reports by drivers indicating that they have felt significant anger while driving, witnessed it directly, or committed some form of road rage act themselves, on at least one occasion, and in most cases more.
While some of these examples of driving-related aggression are extreme, two facts should be noted. First, these kinds of aggressive acts are surprisingly common.
In fact, the American Automobile Association has stated that between andaggressive driving was a factor in more than half of all of fatal car crashes in the United States Perhaps the greatest danger that road rage poses to the transportation system and the people who use it, however, is not in the experience itself, but rather in the outward conveyance of that rage.
This anger often manifests itself in the form of aggressive driving and, based on the statistics which state that aggressive driving is a factor in more than half of all fatal car accidents, is perhaps significantly greater problem than anyone realizes.Authors: Steven J. Del Signore and Avital A.
Rodal, Rosenstiel Basic Medical Sciences Research Center, Brandeis University, United States of America Competing Interests: Steven J. Del Signore and Avital A. Rodal are authors of the article discussed in this blog. According to the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, in , there were 10, reported incidents of road rage in the United States, and only 4 percent involved females.
In the Alabaster case, both investigators and witnesses reported that the two women were seen darting in and out of traffic and following one another closely when they took. May 13, · CAR CRASH AND ROAD RAGE COMPILATION IN USA and CANADA - EPISODE 36 Submit a Video [email protected] Links to .
1 out of 3 drivers that live in one of the largest cities in the United States spends over 40 hours per year being stuck in a traffic jam. Because of the extra traffic on the road, AAA estimates a 7% annual increase in the amount of road rage every year.
This statistic shows the road rage behavior among drivers in the United States as of April During the survey, 53 percent of the respondents said they had been on the receiving end of a rude.
This statistic shows the frequency of both motorists and non-motorists to consider road rage a key issue which needs to be dealt with to improve road safety in the United Kingdom (UK) according to.