Autism and autism spectrum disorders

Print Overview Autism spectrum disorder is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication. The disorder also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. The term "spectrum" in autism spectrum disorder refers to the wide range of symptoms and severity. Autism spectrum disorder includes conditions that were previously considered separate — autism, Asperger's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder and an unspecified form of pervasive developmental disorder.

Autism and autism spectrum disorders

Top of Page Behavior and Communication Approaches According to reports by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Research Council, behavior and communication approaches that help children with ASD are those that provide structure, direction, and organization for the child in addition to family participation.

ABA has become widely accepted among health care professionals and used in many schools and treatment clinics. ABA encourages positive behaviors and discourages negative behaviors in order to improve a variety of skills. There are different types of ABA. Following are some examples: Lessons are broken down into their simplest parts and positive reinforcement is used to reward correct answers and behaviors.

Incorrect answers are ignored. Positive changes in these behaviors should have widespread effects on other behaviors. Other therapies that can be part of a complete treatment program for a child with an ASD include: It also focuses on how the child deals with sights, sounds, and smells.

For example, picture cards can help teach a child how to get dressed by breaking information down into small steps. Occupational Therapy Occupational therapy teaches skills that help the person live as independently as possible.

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Skills might include dressing, eating, bathing, and relating to people. Sensory Integration Therapy Sensory integration therapy helps the person deal with sensory information, like sights, sounds, and smells.

Sensory integration therapy could help a child who is bothered by certain sounds or does not like to be touched. Some people are able to learn verbal communication skills.

For others, using gestures or picture boards is more realistic. The person is taught to use picture symbols to ask and answer questions and have a conversation.

Visit the Autism Speaks or Autism Society website to read more about these therapies. Dietary Approaches Some dietary treatments have been developed by reliable therapists.

Autism and autism spectrum disorders

But many of these treatments do not have the scientific support needed for widespread recommendation. An unproven treatment might help one child, but may not help another.

Many biomedical interventions call for changes in diet. Dietary treatments are based on the idea that food allergies or lack of vitamins and minerals cause symptoms of ASD.

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Some parents feel that dietary changes make a difference in how their child acts or feels.Autism spectrum disorder is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication.

The disorder also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. There is often nothing about how people with ASD look that sets them apart from other people, but people with ASD may communicate, interact, behave, and learn in ways that are different from most other people. Autism Spectrum Disorder (or ASD) is a general term used to describe a group of complex developmental brain disorders known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD). Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD, is a complex developmental and neurological condition that typically appears during the first three years of life. It affects brain function, particularly in the areas of social interaction and communication skills.

The term "spectrum" in autism. Autism is the most common autism spectrum disorder. People with autism have differences in the development of their thinking, language, behavior and social skills.

Autism Spectrum Disorder: MedlinePlus

The differences appear before age three, and can be diagnosed by 18 months. WebMD explains autism spectrum disorders, including Asperger's syndrome, Rett syndrome, PDD-NOS, and childhood disintegrative disorder.

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication.* We now know that there is not one autism but many subtypes, and each person with autism .

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental disorder that affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills.

Common features of ASD include impaired social. Aug 25,  · Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior.

Although autism can be diagnosed at any age, it is said to be a “developmental disorder” because symptoms generally appear in the first two years of life.

Treatment | Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) | NCBDDD | CDC