The English equivalent "theology" Theologie, Teologye had evolved by Definition[ edit ] Augustine of Hippo defined the Latin equivalent, theologia, as "reasoning or discussion concerning the Deity";  Richard Hooker defined "theology" in English as "the science of things divine ". The study of these assumptions is not part of theology proper but is found in the philosophy of religionand increasingly through the psychology of religion and neurotheology.
And as Pope Francis stated last week, we worship the same God. Her suspension is not about theology and orthodoxy. It is about enmity toward Muslims.
I have even recommended that Christian women consider wearing the hijab in certain circumstances, as well as counseled Christian men to consider fasting with their Muslim neighbors during the month of Ramadan, as long as it is clear these gestures are out of Christian love and not submission to Islam.
With this desire for love in mind, I turn now to the question: Do Muslims and Christians worship the same God? Like all good questions, the answer is more complex than most want, but I am confident of my position: Muslims and Christians do not worship the same God, but given the complexity of the matter we all ought to stop demonizing those who disagree with us.
I should start by saying this: After all, I had been taught as a young Muslim to worship the God who created Adam and Eve, who rescued Noah from the flood, who promised Abraham a vast progeny, who helped Moses escape Egypt, who made the Virgin Mary great with child, who sent Jesus into the world, who helped the disciples overcome, and who is still sovereign today.
Is that not the God of the Bible? For that matter, the Quran asserts that the Torah and the Gospel are inspired scripture and that Jews and Christians are people of the Book. If the Quran asserts that Muslims worship the same God as Jews and Christians, does that not settle the matter?
For years I thought it did, but I no longer do. There is one Creator whom Muslims and Christians both attempt to worship. Apart from this banal observation, Muslims and Christians do not worship the same God.
I do not condemn those that think they do, but the deeper I delve into the Christian faith, the more I realize that this assertion is not only untrue but also subverts Christian orthodoxy in favor of Islamic assertions. Christians believe Jesus is God, but the Quran is so opposed to this belief that it condemns Jesus worshipers to Hell 5.
How can it be said that Christians and Muslims worship the same God? There certainly is, and it is the obvious position when we consider the person of Jesus. Another difference between the Islamic God and the Christian God that is quite personal to me is his Fatherhood.
According to Jesus, God is our Father, yet the Quran very specifically denies that Allah is a father In fact, in 5. The same is the case when we consider the doctrine of the Trinity. Islam roundly condemns worship of the Trinity 5. Tawhid, the absolute oneness of God. Tawhid specifically denies the Trinity, so much so that it is safe to say the doctrine of God in Christianity is antithetical to the doctrine of God in Islam.
Not just different but completely opposed to one another. There is much more to be said about the differences between the Christian God and the Muslim God, but this much can already be said with confidence: According to Islam, worshiping the Christian God is not just wrong; it sends you to Hell.
They are not the same God. So how can people argue that Muslims and Christians worship the same God? By unduly giving priority to the Islamic assertion that this is the same God. Ultimately, this is the reasoning of those who believe, as I once did, that Muslims and Christians worship the same God, and it is flawed.
The similarities between the God of Islam and the God of Christianity are fairly superficial, and at times simply semantic. Though Islam claims that the Muslim God has done some of the same things as the Christian God and sent some of the same people, that is not enough to say that Muslims worship the same God as Christians.
These minor overlaps are far less essential to the reality of who God is than the fundamental differences of his nature and persons. What God has done or whom He has sent is far less of a defining characteristic than what He is and who He is; though Islam and Christianity overlap at points on the former, they differ fundamentally on the latter.
How can Christians accuse Muslims of worshiping a different God without also indicting the Jews of doing the same? That would be inconsistent or hypocritical.
The response should be obvious to those who have studied the three Abrahamic faiths: Most of the earliest Christians were Jews, incorporating their encounter with Jesus into their Jewish theology.C.
S. Lewis may seem like an odd subject for study when it comes to the theology and practice of worship. He was neither a clergyman nor a professional theologian. And though he wrote wisely and winsomely on a wide range of subjects related to the Christian life, he devoted relatively little.
Supplying significant practical conclusions and context to the discussion of what worship is and how God wants us to do it, this acclaimed book is gentle but uncompromising. A thoughtful biblical study that explains how worship is fundamental to relationship with the true, living God.
In a Church culture in which personal engagement with the Bible is sometimes patchy, worship songs and hymns become a primary source of theology for some.
For others it is the most dynamic tool in terms of connecting with God. One can both love Muslims and insist that the God they worship is not the same as the Christian God. Christians worship a Triune God: a Father who loves unconditionally, an incarnate Son who is willing to die for us so that we may be forgiven, and an immanent Holy Spirit who lives in us.
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His books include Engaging with God, Possessed by God (both IVP) and Hebrews and Perfection (Cambridge University Press). I.
Howard Marshall () was a world-renowned New Testament scholar and the author or editor of at least thirty-eight books and more than essays and articles.5/5(1).