Reality assumptions critical thinking

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Reality assumptions critical thinking

Facebook Twitter Reddit Pinterest Email We all know that assuming is bad because it makes an ass out of you and me, right?

But beyond that sort of childish word play, do we really look at the assumptions we make every single day?

Glossary of Critical Thinking Terms History[ edit ] The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato.
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And could it help us to do so? Could it be a valuable part of our critical thinking skillset to be aware not only that assumptions exist but what kind of things we assume to be true? The best critical thinking we can do for ourselves is to deeply examine not just what we think but why we think it and confirm that our reasoning is built on solid foundations.

Reality assumptions critical thinking

I think any of us can see how preconceived ideas get in the way of how we view things. If you come at me with a knife in your hand, I probably would infer that you mean to do me harm. Inferences can be accurate or inaccurate, logical or illogical, justified or unjustified.

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Usually it is something we previously learned and do not question. It is part of our system of beliefs. We assume our beliefs to be true and use them to interpret the world about us.

If we believe that it is dangerous to walk late at night in big cities and we are staying in Chicago, we will infer that it is dangerous to go for a walk late at night.

We take for granted our belief that it is dangerous to walk late at night in big cities. If our belief is a sound one, our assumption is sound.

If our belief is not sound, our assumption is not sound. Beliefs, and hence assumptions, can be unjustified or justified, depending upon whether we do or do not have good reasons for them.

I got up to let the cat in. In fact, it would be impossible to get through life without them. No one understands consciousness but we do understand many of the factors that shape how our consciousness functions.

In other words, when we talk about things like our viewpoint, we might not understand what exactly it is that is doing the viewing but we do understand the various factors that shape or mold how we look at things. Where we are born and raised all by itself has a ton to do with how we view the world.

In fact, this might be the one thing that dominates our world view since our location and culture determine our primary language, the physical conditions we grow up in and what kind of moral values will be instilled in us.It is an important part of critical thinking that we should be able to identify such hidden assumptions or implicit assumptions.

So how should we go about identifying hidden assumptions. Exploring Reality: Cultural Studies and Critical Thinking By: Paul Smith We seem to be living in a moment in the United States when there's some profit to be had from casting cultural beliefs, values, and knowledges into strictly oppositional frames.

Examples of reality assumptions include time, free will and ethics. Another example of a reality assumption arose after the discovery that light traveled in waves. The assumption was that there must be an "ether" that the light waves travel through. Critical thinking can deal with abstract concepts, but the conclusions drawn might not reflect reality.

While debating and discussing ideas, people sometimes operate from differing assumptions, and these can cause debates to stagnate.

Distinguishing Between Inferences and Assumptions; Critical Thinking Development: A Stage Theory to transmit the prevailing world view more or less uncritically, to transmit it as reality, not as a picture of reality.

Education for critical thinking, then, requires that the school or classroom become a microcosm of a critical society. Critical thinking can deal with abstract concepts, but the conclusions drawn might not reflect reality.

While debating and discussing ideas, people sometimes operate from differing assumptions, and these can cause debates to stagnate.

Distinguishing Between Inferences and Assumptions