Posted on December 17, by pat thomson The conclusion is one of the most important sections of the thesis, yet it is often done quite badly. This is not good because the conclusion is a key part of the text and thesis writers really need to spend some time getting it right. This is because the conclusion is the place where you argue that you have made a contribution to knowledge, where you show what it is, and where you discuss its implications.
Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: The Growth of Incarceration in the United States: Exploring Causes and Consequences. The National Academies Press.
Today, adult incarceration rates of the Western European democracies average around per , and in the common law countries of Australia and Canada, the rates are only slightly higher.
The growth in incarceration rates in the United States over the past 40 years is historically unprecedented and internationally unique. The growth of incarceration rates, beginning infollowed a tumultuous period of social and political change see Chapter 4. From tothe annual number of homicides had climbed from 8, to 18, Homicide was just one indicator of declining public safety, as the overall violent crime rate doubled in that same decade Maguire, n.
If rising crime were the only new social trend of the s, the link between crime and incarceration might be clear-cut. But political activism and race relations also came to a boil. Civil rights action and conservative reaction produced a contentious and sometimes violent politics that blurred the line between protest and disorder.
The civil rights acts themselves upended the racial order of the south and outlawed discrimination in labor and housing markets across the country. In short, the period of rising crime accompanied a period of intense political conflict and a transformation of U.
Cities also were transformed. Riotous unrest culminated in the Kerner Commission report that surveyed dozens of incidents of disorder in 23 cities. These poor, racially segregated neighborhoods were characterized not just by high rates of crime but also by an array of other problems, including high rates of unemployment and widespread single parenthood.
It was in these neighborhoods, decades later, where the effects of incarceration were felt most strongly. Historic changes in politics, race relations, and urban life provided the context in which policy makers wrestled with the crime problem.
Crime and race sometimes were conflated in political conversation. Public policy of the s was moving in a liberal direction, through an expansion of social programs and stronger rights for criminal defendants and prisoners, but these measures did not appear to stem the rise in crime.
The debates about crime unfolded in a setting where crime policy was mostly made at the state and local levels.Chapter 6 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS SUMMARY OF WORK PERFORMED As a central part of this study, a special experimental technique was developed which made possible the preservation of the compressive stress-.
CHAPTER 5 Summary, findings, conclusions and recommendations INTRODUCTION This chapter presents the summary of the findings, conclusions and recommendations based on the. CHAPTER 5 Summary, findings, conclusions and recommendations INTRODUCTION This chapter presents the summary of the findings, conclusions and recommendations based on the.
CHAPTER 9 SUMMARY: FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS INTRODUCTION The aim of this thesis was mainly to explain the nature and scope of TQM. findings, conclusions, and recommendations Finding and Conclusion: In recent years, the number of applications requiring plasmas in the processing of materials has increased dramatically.
Plasma processing is now indispensable to the fabrication of electronic components and is widely used in the aerospace industry and other industries. Presenting Findings (Qualitative) Topic 1: Chapter 4. Your findings should provide sufficient evidence from your data to support the conclusions you have made.
Evidence takes the form of quotations from interviews and excerpts from observations and documents.