Seizing the Initiative Through Creative Thinking Versus Reacting to the Enemy local copyby Grothe, SAMS paper, Leadership must be committed to learning, underwrite experimentation, and create an environment that generates creative thought and innovation. Doctrine must incorporate more aspects of innovation, creative and critical thinking and innovative leadership. The most critical area the Army must focus change in is within Professional Military Education for field grade officers.
Relational Personal Objects When visitors see an object in a case that they have a personal connection to, they have an immediate story to tell. The same is true for objects that people own, produce, or contribute themselves.
Staff and volunteers who care for, study, or maintain objects often have very personal connections with them. Active Objects Objects that directly and physically insert themselves into the spaces between strangers can serve as shared reference points for discussion.
If an ambulance passes by or a fountain splashes you in the breeze, your attention is drawn to it, and you feel complicit with the other people who are similarly imposed upon by the object. Similarly, in bars, darts or ping pong balls that leave their playing fields often generate new social connections between the person looking for the flying object and the people whose space was interrupted by it.
In cultural institutions, active objects often pop into motion intermittently. Other times, the action is more spontaneous. For example, living objects, like animals in zoos, frequently motivate conversation when they move or make surprising sounds. Inanimate objects can also exhibit active behavior—think of the discussions among visitors that naturally arise as model trains chug along their tracks or automata perform their dances.
Provocative Objects An object need not physically insert itself into a social environment to become a topic of discussion if it is a spectacle in its own right.
When the Science Museum of Minnesota opened the exhibition Race: Are We So Different? One of the most discussed exhibits was a vitrine featuring stacks of money representing the average earnings of Americans of different races.
Money is somewhat exciting on its own, but the real power in the exhibit was in the shocking disparity among the piles. People were compelled to point out of surprise.
The powerful physical metaphor of the stacks made the information presented feel more spectacular without dumbing it down or over-dressing it. Photo by Terry Gydesen.
Provocation is tricky to predict. If visitors expect to be shocked or provoked by content on display—as in some contemporary art institutions—they may choose to internalize provocation instead of discussing it. To work well, a provocative object must be genuinely surprising to visitors who encounter it.
Relational Objects Relational objects explicitly invite interpersonal use. They require several people to use them to work, and their design often implies an invitation for strangers to get involved.
Pool tables, seesaws, and game boards fall into this category, as do many interactive museum exhibits and participatory sculptures that invite people to work together to solve a problem or generate an effect.
These objects are reliably social because they demand interpersonal engagement to function. Making Objects More Social Most social object experiences are fleeting and inconsistent. For social object experiences to work repeatedly for a wide diversity of users or visitors, day after day, design tweaks can make an object more personal, active, provocative, or relational.
For example, the Museum of Transport and Technology in Auckland has an old traffic light mounted outside one of many small buildings full of artifacts. Turning on the lights transformed the traffic light into an active, relational object that was quickly adopted as part of a game.
If Walls Could Talk exhibition, which opened in Paul over years. Designers used photos and audio recordings to embed personal narratives of residents directly into artifacts in surprising ways. As visitors touch and explore the objects in the house, they unlock personal stories from the people who lived in the house over time.BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
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Yahoo Japan users - please visit Yahoo Help to learn how to add your email address. Bloom’s Taxonomy. Print Version by Patricia Armstrong, former Assistant Director, Center for Teaching Background Information | The Original Taxonomy | The Revised Taxonomy | Why Use Bloom’s Taxonomy?
| Further Information The above graphic is released under a Creative Commons Attribution license. You’re free to share, reproduce, or otherwise use it, as long as you attribute it. Answer children's questions in a way that promotes HOT. Parents and teachers can do a lot to encourage higher order thinking, even when they are answering children's questions.
Dartmouth Writing Program support materials - including development of argument. Fundamentals of Critical Reading and Effective Writing. Mind Mirror Projects: A Tool for Integrating Critical Thinking into the English Language Classroom (), by Tully, in English Teaching Forum, State Department, Number 1 Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum Project, Metropolitan Community College.