However, sometimes a shift in tense is necessary to indicate a change in the timeframe of the action. It is the unnecessary shifts in tense that sometimes cause awkwardness and should be avoided.
Each of the highlighted verbs in the following sentences is in the simple present tense and each sentence describes an action taking place in the present: Deborah waits patiently while Bridget books the tickets.
The shelf holds three books and a vase of flowers.
The crowd moves across the field in an attempt to see the rock star get into her helicopter. The Stephens sisters are both very talented; Virginia writes and Vanessa paints. Ross annoys Walter by turning pages too quickly. The simple present is used to express general truths such as scientific fact, as in the following sentences: Rectangles have four sides.
The moon circles the earth once every 28 days.
Calcium is important to the formation of strong bones. Menarche and menopause mark the beginning and the ending of a woman's reproductive history. The simple present is used to indicate a habitual action, event, or condition, as in the following sentences: My grandmother sends me new mittens each spring.
In fairy tales, things happen in threes. We never finish jigsaw puzzles because the cat always eats some of the pieces. Jesse polishes the menorah on Wednesdays. The simple present is also used when writing about works of art, as in the following sentences. Lolly Willowes is the protagonist of the novel Townsend published in One of Artemisia Gentleschi's best known paintings represents Judith's beheading of Holofernes.
The Lady of Shallot weaves a tapestry while watching the passers-by in her mirror. Lear rages against the silence of Cordelia and only belatedly realizes that she, not her more vocal sisters, loves him.
The play ends with an epilogue spoken by the fool. The simple present can also be used to refer to a future event when used in conjunction with an adverb or adverbial phrase, as in the following sentences.
The doors open in 10 minutes.
The premier arrives on Tuesday. Classes end next week. The publisher distributes the galley proofs next Wednesday.Using action verbs and quantifying will make your resume “Achievement Oriented.” The above two commandments have only been a taste — we have an in depth about how to write an achievement oriented resume here.
Extension 1: Using Essay Verbs Work on one body paragraph in your essay. Include at least two of the verbs from today’s warm-up. Directions: Complete the paragraph by using the words in parentheses in. the past simple tense. Last year my friend, Evan, and I _____ (take) a trip to France.
[Note how I replaced the state-of-being verbs in this paragraph.] Click here or below to download the expanded list (now powerful verbs!), along with the three types of verbs to watch for in your writing.
Suggest in the comments three (only) strong verbs that should be added to my list. This is action, after all, the verbs are the most important words. They give your scene momentum.
Take, for instance, this line from Tana French's novel "In the Woods": "Footsteps thumped behind me and Sweeney streaked past, running like a rugby player and already pulling out his handcuffs. VERBS.
Verbs have traditionally been defined as words that show action or state of being.. Verbs can also sometimes be recognized by their position in a sentence. In the following two sentence frames, only a verb can be put into the empty slot.